About these diseases: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder among women of childbearing potential, with 1 in 10 women being affected. Women who suffer from this disorder produce higher amounts of male hormones, which can lead to irregular menstrual periods, hair growth on the face and body, baldness, and difficulty getting pregnant. This disorder often causes diabetes and heart disease. Unfortunately, the causes of PCOS are still unknown.
Endometriosis is a common condition in young women and is one of the leading causes of female infertility. Endometriosis is a painful condition, in which the tissue that normally covers the uterus inside and bleeds with each menstruation (called the endometrium) grows outside the uterus.